Skip to main content


Definition of IF

Returns one value if a logical expression is `TRUE` and another if it is `FALSE`.

Sample Usage

IF(A2 = "foo","A2 is foo")

IF(A2,"A2 was true","A2 was false")



IF(logical_expression, value_if_true, value_if_false)

  • logical_expression - An expression or reference to a cell containing an expression that represents some logical value, i.e. TRUE or FALSE.

  • value_if_true - The value the function returns if logical_expression is TRUE.

  • value_if_false - [ OPTIONAL - blank by default ] - The value the function returns if logical_expression is FALSE.


  • Ensure that value_if_true and value_if_false are provided to the function in the correct order - this is the single most common source of problems with IF.

See Also

IFERROR: Returns the first argument if it is not an error value, otherwise returns the second argument if present, or a blank if the second argument is absent.

In order to use the IF formula, start with your edited Excellentable


Then type in the IF Formula in the area you would like to display the outcome:


Type in the complete IF formula for a cell as shown below:


Excellentable will generate the outcome when hitting enter. 





User does not have sufficient privileges to access this Content
Learn More

JavaScript errors detected

Please note, these errors can depend on your browser setup.

If this problem persists, please contact our support.